Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand, is the largest and most populous urban area in the country with more than 1,500,000 residents, 31 percent of the country's population. Auckland has the largest Polynesian population of any city in the world. In Māori, Auckland's names are Tāmaki Makaurau, and the transliterated version of Auckland, Ākarana.
The 2011 Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranked Auckland 3rdequal placein the world on its list, while the Economist's World's Most Livable Cities index of 2011 ranked Auckland in 9th place.
Auckland lies between the Hauraki Gulf of the Pacific Ocean to the east, the low Hunua Ranges to the south-east, the Manukau Harbour to the south-west, and the Waitakere Ranges and smaller ranges to the west and north-west. The central part of the urban area occupies a narrow isthmus between the Manukau Harbour on the Tasman Sea and the Waitemata Harbour on the Pacific Ocean. It is one of the few cities in the world to have harbours on two separate major bodies of water.
Its most famous nickname is “City of Sails”, and looking around is not difficult to understand why. It has more per capita than any other city in the world, with around 135,000 yachts and launches!!!
Volcanoes Auckland straddles the Auckland Volcanic Field, which has produced 52 volcanoes. These take the form of cones, lakes, lagoons, islands and depressions, and several have produced extensive lava flows. Most of the cones have been partly or completely quarried away. The individual volcanoes are all considered extinct, although the volcanic field itself is merely dormant. Auckland has at least 14 large lava tube caves which run from the volcanoes down towards the sea.